—From:  

Ryan Holzaepfel
Chambers County
Emergency Management Coordinator
Fire Marshal
PO Box 957
Anahuac, TX  77514
Office:  409-267-2445
Fax:      409-267-4133

Save a life

Latest Available Data

  • —484,500 structure fires occurred in the U.S. during 2011.
  • —2,640 civilian fire deaths
  • —15,635 civilian fire injuries
  • —$9.7 billion in property damage
  • —One structure fire was reported every 65 seconds
Texas Fires
  • —18,212 home fires occurred in Texas during 2011.
  • —111 civilian fire deaths
  • —625 civilian fire injuries
  • —$304,680,250 in property damage
  • 23% of Texas home fires were caused by cooking.

Fire Causes

  • —The top fire causes include:
  • —Cooking (23%)*
  • —Open Flame (6%)
  • —Heating (4%)
  • —Incendiary/Arson (6%)
  • —Smoking (4%)
  • —Unknown (43%)
  • —Exposure (5%)
Cooking Fires
  • —Pay attention to what you’re cooking.stovetop
  • —If you leave the room, turn off the stove.
  • —Don’t cook if you’re sleepy or if you’re impaired.
  • —Keep flammable items away from heat sources.
  • Curtains, potholders, towels, clothing, etc.
  • —Keep flammable  cleaners away from heat sources.
  • —Clean your stove top frequently to avoid grease build up.

Grease Fires

  • —Always have the matching lid nearby!
  • —If you have a small grease fire you can smother it with the lid.grease fire
  • —NEVER PUT WATER ON A GREASE FIRE!

Smoking Related Fires

—Cigarettes can smolder for hours.
  • —Tips to avoid smoking related fires:
  • —Don’t smoke inside.
  • —Discard smoking materials in a fire safe container.
  • —Use a proper, heavy ashtray which won’t tip easily.             
  • —Don’t improvise!
  •  Second leading cause of civilian fire deaths!
  • —Don’t smoke in bed. 
  • —Don’t smoke if you’re tired, taking medications, or if you’ve been drinking or are otherwise impaired.
  • —After a party, check indoor and outdoor furniture and cushions for smoldering cigarette butts. 

Candles

Unattended candles are a leading fire cause.

—Candle safety tips:

  • —Use flameless candles.
  • —When you leave the room, blow out the candle.
  • —Keep anything that could burn at least a foot away: —curtains, clothes, paper, etc.
  • —Don’t set the candles on anything combustible.
  • —Fires can start when the candle burns down to the base.

Portable Heaters

  • —Keep heaters at least 3 feet away from any items that can burn or ignite.
  • —Plug heaters directly into the wall outlet.  Do not useheater extension cords, or plug the heaters into power strips or multi-plug adapters.
  • —Only use modern heaters with tip-over switches.
  • —Don’t use unvented fuel fired heaters in the home.

Electrical Safety

  • —Do not overload electrical sockets. 
  • —Do not run cords under rugs or furniture.
  • They can become worn, overheat, and cause a fire.
  • —Avoid putting cords against walls or across doorways.
  • —Use power strips equipped with overload protection.
  • —Make sure all power strips and extension cords are tested and approved by a laboratory such as UL (Underwriter’s Laboratories).

 

Escape Routes

—If you must escape through smoke, get low and go under the smoke.

Escape Route

  • —When the smoke alarm sounds, you may only have seconds or minutes to escape safely.
  • ——Have a meeting place for everyone to gather outside.
  • ——Plan two ways out, in case one way is filled with smoke or fire.

Important Safety Elements

  • —Alarms (—All homes should have smoke alarms.)
—Smoke

go low

—Carbon Monoxide
  • ——Fire extinguishers
  • —Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems
—Alarm Placement & Maintenance
  • —Make sure you can hear the alarm in every place in your home. Smoke alarms
  • They should be loud enough to wake you from sleep.
  • Check them once a month.
  • Change the batteries once a year.
  • Replace them every 10 years.

 

Fire Extinguishers

  • —Know how to use them.signs
  • ——Have them mounted in an obvious spot near an exit.

When in doubt, get out!

If you have a fire…

  • —Leave, close the door, and call 9-1-1 from outside. 
  • —Report ALL fires to the fire department,  even if you think you put them out!
  • —Don’t ignore alarms!
  • —Even if your building has frequent alarms, you need to leave when they go off. 911
  • —Once you’re out, STAY OUT!
  • —Don’t go back inside for possessions or pets. 
  • —Notify the fire department if anyone is unaccounted for.
—You never know when it could be a real fire.
Summary
—There are many ways to reduce your risk of fire:
  • —Stay focused when you’re cooking.
  • —Use candles responsibly, or not at all.
  • —Don’t overload electrical sockets or misuse extension cords.
  • —If you must smoke, be responsible for your smokingFiretruck materials.
  • —If someone is smoking in or near your home, check to make sure that all smoking materials are properly disposed of.
  • —Have a fire safety plan and practice it!
  • —Have working smoke and CO alarms.
  • —Be careful with heaters.
  • —Be responsible.